Rodney, 29, joins from FC United of Manchester in the BetVictor Northern Premier Division, where he has scored three goals in 21 appearances this season.
"We are delighted to announce the return of Nialle Rodney to the club," Ramsbottom said via social media.
"The winger made 14 appearances, scoring six goals before an injury in the FA Trophy last season."
The club have announced that Greg Daniels has left the club to join Cheadle TOwn.
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